Hair transplants are usually performed in a medical clinic while the patient is sedated.
The bulk of hair loss is caused by pattern baldness. The remaining cases are the result of a number of circumstances, including:
- hormonal imbalance
Are there several kinds of hair transplants?
Slit grafts and micrografts are the two types of transplant treatments.
Slit grafts have four to ten hairs per graft. Depending on the quantity of coverage required, micrografts comprise 1 to 2 hairs per graft.
Who is a candidate for a hair transplant?
A hair transplant can improve your appearance and self-esteem. Candidates for hair transplantation include:
- males suffering from male pattern baldness
- women whose hair is thinning
- someone who has lost some hair as a result of a burn or a scalp injury
- For the following reasons, hair restoration is not a good option:
- ladies who have a widespread pattern of hair loss on their head
- people who do not have a sufficient number of "donor" hair sites from whom to extract hair for transplant
- people who get keloid scars (thick, fibrous scars) as a result of an injury or surgery
- those experiencing hair loss as a result of medicine, such as chemotherapy
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) is a surgical treatment in which hair is transplanted from the permanent zone, the area of the scalp in the back and sides where hair is more resistant to balding, to bald or balding portions of the scalp. This is performed by employing follicular units, which are naturally occurring groups of one, two, three, or four hairs. After anaesthetizing the patient's scalp, the doctor extracts a strip of tissue from the donor area, which is located within the permanent zone. Once retrieved, the donor strip is split into many individual follicular units using microscopic dissection techniques. While these follicular unit grafts are being prepared, the doctor inserts tiny incisions in the scalp known as recipient sites, which are where the grafts will be put.
Because the arrangement and positioning of these follicular unit grafts impact the aesthetic aspects of a hair transplant, this arrangement must be selected on a case-by-case basis, based on the patient's history of hair loss and the risk of future hair loss. Because follicular unit transplants replicate the way hair grows in nature, the outcomes, in the hands of a skilled practitioner, will appear perfectly natural and indistinguishable from one's natural hair.
Stereo-microscopic dissection is a critical component of FUT hair transplant surgery. This allows for the separation of follicular units from the donor strip without them being broken up or damaged. During graft dissection, it is critical to keep the entire follicular unit intact in order to maximise growth. Because they have the complete, natural complement of 1-4 hairs, intact follicular units will also provide the most fullness to the hair replacement.
After applying local anaesthetic to the donor location, grafts are taken as a portion from the region and then closed with a suture in the FUT procedure. The healing time with this procedure is lengthier, and it leaves a noticeable scar in the donor location.
Follicular Unit Excision (FUE)
Follicular Unit Excision (FUE), formerly known as Follicular Unit Extraction, is a technique for extracting, or "harvesting," donor hair during a follicular unit hair transplant surgery. An tool is used in FUE hair transplant surgery to make a small, circular incision in the skin around a follicular unit, isolating it from the surrounding tissue. The unit is then physically withdrawn (pulled) from the scalp, leaving a small open hole.
This procedure is repeated until the hair transplant surgeon has obtained sufficient follicular units for the required hair restoration. This process can take one or more hours and can be completed in more than one session over two consecutive days. The donor incisions, which are around 1-mm in size, heal fully in seven to ten days, leaving small white scars buried in the hair on the back and sides of the scalp.
This method of donor harvesting, which involves removing follicular units one by one directly from the scalp, distinguishes FUE hair transplants from traditional Follicular Unit Transplants (FUT), in which the donor's hair is removed from the scalp in one thin, long strip and then dissected into individual follicular units using a stereo-microscope.
Before the grafts are extracted, a fine needlepoint device is used to create tiny "receiver sites" in the balding area of the scalp. The follicular units are subsequently implanted into recipient sites, where they will develop into healthy hair-producing follicles. Both FUE and FUT procedures include the development of recipient sites and the placement of follicular unit grafts. The difference is in the donor area's look as well as the quality and quantity of grafts acquired with each approach.
Grafts are harvested and implanted into the desired location one by one using the FUE procedure. Because it does not require stitches, it does not leave a scar on the donor area. As a result, the FUE treatment has grown in popularity in recent years. The operation is finished after seven days of recovery and leaves no mark on the skin.
What occurs following a hair transplant?
Your scalp may be uncomfortable after hair transplant surgery, and you may need to take drugs such as:
- pain relievers
- medicines to minimise your infection risk
- anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce edoema
Most people are able to return to work a few days after surgery.
Two to three weeks following the treatment, it is common for the transplanted hair to fall out. This allows for the growth of new hair. The majority of patients will notice some fresh hair growth 8 to 12 months after surgery.Call and book your appointment with the best hair transplant clinic in Gurgaon at Lamidas.