Learn from One of the Best Gynaecologists in Gurgaon- Dr. Pankhuri Garg
Vaginal soreness occurs in women of all ages, but most women do not seek treatment for their symptoms, which include not only dryness but also irritation and pain. Vaginal inflammation i.e. burning sensation of the vagina is also quite common and most women will experience it at least once in their lives. There are many causes of soreness in the vagina; everything from infections, hormonal changes, to chemicals in allergy medications and anti-depressants, to allergies to soap you use and that dryness can leave your vagina sore and aching after sex.
The good news is most of these disorders are easily and permanently curable. There are many medications, gels, and ointments designed to remedy the dryness, soreness, and irritation of the external genitals. If you have vaginal soreness or swelling, don't feel embarrassed or depressed about it; instead, get checked out by your doctor. Once your doctor diagnoses the problems he/she will set up treatments that will help you get rid of the unpleasant soreness in your vagina.
Table of Contents
Vaginal soreness is one of the most common problems reported by women. It is a condition when your vulva (an outer part of the vagina) feels sore or swollen, you experience pain if it is touched and even sitting down for long periods makes the pain worse.
Depending on specific conditions, one might experience an unexplained burning sensation and great discomfort. Women can feel warm and itchy around the area of the vaginal opening. Few women experience a discharge that smells a bit fishy.
There are many reasons that cause vaginal soreness. Some of these can be cured by home remedies and some require a doctor's care.
Most commonly, vaginal soreness is a symptom of infection (bacteria, fungal, and yeast) or symptom of dryness and irritation in the genital area. Soreness in the vagina after intercourse is due to dryness i.e. lack of lubricating fluid or sensitivity to latex condoms. Endometriosis (a disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus) may cause inflammation in the pelvic area and can lead to pain or soreness after sex.
Experiencing vaginal soreness during pregnancy is common. It may be due to the dryness of the mucous membranes because of the hormone changes during pregnancy. Anytime your vagina is sore, irritated and/or you have a discharge, it could mean that you have a vaginal infection. It could be a fungal, yeast or bacterial infection. Fungal infection results in smelly, thick white discharge. Bacterial infection often causes pain and discomfort when urinating too.
Vulvovaginitis, a type of infection, is a common cause of vaginal soreness in teenagers. Infection is caused by bacteria, yeast, viruses, or chemicals. Typical symptoms include itching, redness, and soreness of the genital area.
In most cases, vaginal soreness during pregnancy is not a sign of any serious complication. The common reason behind soreness is hormonal changes during pregnancy. This affects your mucous membranes making it extra dry and weak, thus causing pain and soreness in the vagina.
In most cases, vaginal soreness may subside with some simple measures. Care and attention at home could help you get some relief from the irritation and pain. But if the soreness and discomfort are intense, and are accompanied by fever or other alarming symptoms seek medical help.
Vaginal irritation is usually characterized by a stinging or burning sensation of the external skin surrounding the vaginal area. Irritation is often accompanied by itching sensation and occurs due to irritating substances, infections, or menopause. Irritation may range from mild to severe depending upon the cause.
Often dryness in and around the vagina is the main cause of irritation. In women’s bodies, the “estrogen” hormone is responsible for keeping vaginal parts moist. Reduced estrogen levels such as during menopause lead to dryness, discomfort and burning sensations.
Other reasons behind irritation could be vaginal secretions, urinary incontinence, fungal, bacterial or viral infections, some medications, local anesthetics or allergy reactions to any products (soap, cloths, toilet paper, condoms, etc.). One of the reasons for vaginal irritation is a yeast infection. A yeast infection often occurs as a side effect of your antibiotics. There are a few good bacteria present in our body to control yeast growth. The antibiotics destroy these good bacteria along with the bad bacteria leading to yeast infection.
Vaginal inflammation or vaginitis is irritation of the genital area that may occur in women of any age. Prepubescent girls and postmenopausal women are more susceptible as they have lower estrogen levels. The dry and irritated mucous membranes can cause major burning sensations in the vagina. Such vaginal dryness and irritation are the results of reduced vaginal fluids.
Vaginal imbalance or infections are common causes of vaginitis. Fungal, bacterial infections cause itching and burning sensations in the vagina. Trichomonas is a type of vaginal inflammation, which apart from burning also causes soreness and pain in and around the vagina.
Your doctor will diagnose the cause of inflammation and recommend the best option for you based on your symptoms. If the inflammation is the result of reduced estrogen your doctor may prescribe a topical estrogen cream. Medications, including pH-regulated gel, lactic acid pills, antibiotic and antiviral medications may help clear the inflammation and lessen symptoms.
Sexual intercourse may cause vaginal soreness due to a lack of lubrication. If the vagina is not sufficiently lubricated, sexual intercourse may lead to discomfort and swelling of the vagina after sex. Lack of lubrication is associated with a lack of sexual arousal, hormone problems, some prescription medicines or other reasons.
If you have persistent pain, unusual discharge, talk to your doctor. Your doctor will evaluate the problem and recommend suitable medications. Prescribed medicines such as lubricants, moisturizers, etc. may reduce vaginal lubrication and lessen vaginal dryness. Also, increasing the amount of foreplay may help increase lubrication and reduce discomfort during intercourse. If you feel a lack of lubrication is associated with psychological issues, consult your doctor. He/she may suggest sex therapy that may benefit you.
Soreness of the vagina does not always require severe medications and can be resolved with the help of home remedies and proper care. Here are a few tips for vaginal care:
Cleaning the vaginal area regularly and avoiding potential irritants can help to prevent bacterial or fungal infection.
Do wash your vaginal area with mild, unscented soap.
Avoiding certain types of cloth may also cause vaginal irritation and swelling. Use soft and clean cotton cloths instead.
If you feel that you are allergic to a particular product, it may be a good idea to stop using it and consult a dermatologist.
A healthy vagina has a balance among many kinds of bacteria. Antibiotics destroy good bacteria along with bad bacteria. Thus, take antibiotic medicine only when needed.
To keep the vagina healthy; proper care/ hygiene, correct diagnosis, and treatment are important. If you are facing any vaginal problems, it’s important to know exactly what you’re dealing with.
You should look for signs of infection and consult a doctor for a diagnosis and treatment. Remember, most vaginal disorders can be treated easily and effectively.
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics for bacterial infection, antifungal medications for yeast infection and there are many oral and topical pain medications available to treat other vaginal disorders. This will control the disease and reduce the symptoms of soreness or itching.
The disorders don’t always require strong medicinal drugs; most of the symptoms can be minimized with home remedies. There are few goods over the counter medications available that restores the natural moisture; so itching, irritation, and dryness will disappear. At any age, if symptoms are persistent and accompanied by signs of infection (fever), you should visit a doctor for proper treatment.
A healthy diet, maintaining vaginal hygiene and proper treatment will control and minimize any disorders/ infections. Regular care (including the type of clothes, cleaning, etc.) can go a long way in protecting the health of your vagina. If you’re experiencing many vaginal infections during the course of a year, it is crucial that you consult your doctor and get evaluated to make sure that there’s nothing more troublesome going on.
Having regular gynecological exams is crucial for maintaining vaginal health. The regular check-up will help in early diagnosis and treatment for disorders that can harm the vagina or your reproductive system as a whole.
La Midas - The Complete Medical Aesthetics and Wellness Centre
The vision for LAMIDAS emerged out of the love and support received by the people of Gurgaon to Neelkanth Group of Hospitals.