What causes urinary incontinence after childbirth?


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There are a lot of women who experience a level of Urinary Incontinence. Urinary incontinence is referred to as the involuntary loss of urine experienced post-pregnancy in a woman. The incontinence in some cases is infrequent and mild but in some women, it can also be severe. Factors such as body mass and age play an important role in this incontinence.

There are cases where this incontinence continues to post-pregnancy and can be present after childbirth as well. Some women are fine until they reach the age of 40s. Urinary incontinence is very common amongst new moms and tends to affect a huge population of women.

Women who are pregnant and deliver a baby naturally are more likely to have urinary incontinence even a year after their delivery. This puts women who get their C-section done in a better position. Mostly the cases of urinary incontinence are common in the first year of childbirth. However, the rate of incontinence decreases as women grow up.

Different Types of Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is caused due to a variety of reasons such as stress. In some cases, women experience leak due to forcefully laughing, coughing, sneezing, jumping etc. It is a very common thing to experience in the third trimester as the bladder is in immense pressure due to a huge belly.

The pressure is followed by the elasticity of the tissues which is taken care of due to the hormones. They play a great role in reducing the support in the bladder which ultimately allows the urine to leak.

Around two-thirds of women who are stressed have experienced an episode of overactive bladder. There is a sudden urge in the bladder to go even when the bladder is almost empty and has a tendency to get leaked before a person even goes to the bathroom.

Causes of Urinary Incontinence

According to the doctor regarding urinary incontinence in Gurgaon, the bladder of a woman is like a balloon with a knob at the end called the urethra. The bladder works by relaxing while the urine fills into it. The fuller the bladder, the more pressure it puts on the sphincter muscle.

Delivery stretches the muscles and ligaments present in the bladder. This is also true because there is a change in the hormones and enzymes that play a vital role in the elasticity of the ligaments.

The weakness caused in the ligaments causes the muscles to weaken which further leaks the urine especially when a woman laughs, workout, coughs and lifts etc. All these activities can stress out the bladder which causes stress incontinence resulting in the leakage.

Women who are older than 35 are at a greater risk for prenatal leakage. Childbirth is followed by a greater risk of prenatal leakage. Stress incontinence can be caused due to vaginal delivery. The probability of urinary incontinence is caused mostly due to vaginal delivery.

Treatment for Urinary Incontinence

It is quite tempting to schedule a C-section delivery to decrease the probability of urinary incontinence. But some people don’t like the idea. One of the major reasons for that is the susceptibility to cause the problem due to the problem in genetics and the statistics of women facing urinary incontinence in Gurgaon have gone through C-section delivery.

Women who deliver through C-section can be seen to be in the same position as women who have delivered vaginally.

Here is a list of urinary incontinence treatment in Gurgaon:

  1. Kegel Exercises: Increase in the elasticity and strength in the pelvic floor muscles can help people with urinary incontinence in Gurgaon and is widely followed everywhere.
    This is how it is done: Lie down, bend your knees and keep your legs apart. Try tightening the muscles in your vagina as if you are trying to stop your urine from leaking out. Try placing your hand in the lower abdomen in a way that you are not pushing the abdominal muscles. Start tightening your muscles while you are breathing.
    Treat the pelvic floor as an elevator and start contracting muscles in stages by raising the level in the interval starting from 5 to 10. Ercise in the sets of 10 and should be done two to four times a day. Kegel exercise cannot be looked at as a proper way to stop urinary incontinence if you are pregnant.

According to research, kegel exercise can minimize stress along with the urge of incontinence.

Kegel Exercise is recommended to the patients seeking urinary incontinence treatment in Gurgaon. In some cases, the cause of urinary incontinence in Gurgaon can be different such as loss of muscles, nerve damage and injury in the bladder etc.

Electrical Stimulation Therapy:

It is a commonly used technique used for urinary incontinence in Gurgaon where a gentle electric current is given to the muscles in the pelvic floor. This helps in relaxing the muscles present in the strengthening process. Two sittings are usually required in a timeline of 8 weeks to get a 20-minute session. The success rate of electrical stimulation therapy is quite successful.

Adopting lifestyle changes:

Certain lifestyle changes can help new moms in regaining their lost bladder control.

  1. Stop drinking too much coffee, carbonated beverages, alcohol etc. This can end up irritating the bladder while making it contract at the same time.
  2. Lose all the extra pounds: Extra weight as an ability to put extra weight to the pelvic floor muscles which further pushed the urine from the bladder.
  3. Do not smoke: Nicotine affects the bladder which can cause it to spasm. Women who smoke are more susceptible to coughing which brings them closer to the episodes of urine loss due to coughing.

Suspending Abdomen

Stitches are placed on either side of the urethra into the Bikini line. This allows the stitches to get attached to much stronger ligaments which helps in supporting the bladder.

All these practices can help women in regaining their control over their urine.

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