WHAT IS NORMAL AND ABNORMAL DISCHARGE?

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vaginal discharge treatment

What is a Vaginal Discharge?

Vaginal discharge is secreted through the glands present inside the cervix and vagina. These glands function by producing fluid which is also referred to as Vaginal Secretion. The process of secretion is important and works by cleansing old cells that are lined inside the vagina and is termed as a natural process. It is a natural process as it helps in keeping the vagina clean and healthy.

The amount of discharge secreted by a woman can vary. Some women can discharge every day while others experience it on a much lower level. Normal vaginal discharge can either be milky or clear with a subtle scent which is not classified as foul or unpleasant.

The rate of vaginal discharge can vary through the month and changes during the menstrual cycle. The discharged fluid changes its consistency and colour when a woman is ovulating and is again a very natural phenomenon.

Apart from the change of vaginal discharge during the menstrual cycle, every other change in the discharge should not be looked at as something normal. A change like discharge can also indicate the imbalance of the healthy bacteria present in the vagina which can be an alert sign for your vaginal health.

What’s considered normal?

It is very important to understand that every woman experiences vaginal discharge and is a natural process. There are women out there who look at vaginal discharge as a problem which is not the case at all. Glands present in the vagina of a woman secrete fluids that are supposed to flow out of the vagina daily, cleaning out the old cells

A normal Vaginal Discharge is a cleaning process and helps in keeping the vagina well lubricated. It also plays a huge role in keeping the infection and other germs away. Women need to know that a normal vaginal discharge does not smell bad and is mostly scentless. A snotty looking discharge can be occasionally spotted in the discharge which is again a normal thing to encounter.

Here are some things that can alter the pH balance of the vagina which then paves a way to vaginal infection. They are listed below:

  • Antibiotics
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Vaginal Douches
  • Vaginal products

Properties of a normal vaginal discharge:

  • Thick and gooey
  • Sticky, Elastic and Thin

Some girls may experience a lot of vaginal discharge which makes it important for them to wear a panty liner. While some girls are used to not experiencing a lot of vaginal discharge. The vaginal discharge can be white, clear or off white.

What causes abnormal discharge?

A person may experience abnormal vaginal discharge when the microbial community inside the vagina of a person gets out of balance. This can mean that a decrease in the number of good microbes including the increase of bad microbes. Such imbalance can give rise to bacterial vaginosis as well as a yeast infection.

Given below are the factors that alter the vaginal ecosystem of a woman:

  • Cleaning and douching practices
  • Taking Birth Controls
  • Uncontrolled Diabetes
  • Sexual Activities
  • Spotting or irregular bleeding
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Steroids
  • Change in the hormones
  • Presence of low vaginal lactobacillus bacteria
  • The nature of the diet
  • Smoking

Abnormal vaginal discharge is also caused by sexually transmitted infections and Trichomonas Vaginalis is the most common one. Other common vaginal infections include gonorrhoea and Chlamydia. It is very important to know that STIs are mostly asymptomatic and that is why people should go for regular testing to see if their vaginal health is fine.

In very rare cases, abnormal discharge is a sign. In some cases, it can also depict cervical cancer. It is recommended to get tested for STI every 3 years and should be done regularly starting from age 21 to age 65.

What should I do?

If you are someone who experiences white and thick vaginal discharge along with itching and burning, then you might be suffering from yeast infection. There are many over the counter drugs that can help a person with the infection.

However, if a person is still not able to get rid of the infection, they should go and visit a doctor. Any kind of yeast infection is not considered to be harmful in any way but it is very important to know the exact medical condition. Applying cold press can help people in getting their itch relieved.

If you are someone who is experiencing other symptoms of abnormal vaginal discharge, then you must see a doctor. There is a line of vaginal discharge treatments that may be recommended to you by the doctor.

A vaginal discharge treatment involves getting the vagina checked by taking a swab from the vulva or vagina. The swab is then checked under the microscope which is later sent to the lab. In some cases, the bacterial vaginosis goes back on its own but can reoccur.

Bacterial Vaginosis can be associated with some uncomfortable symptoms which result in the risk of contracting an STI. There are cases where it leads to infection post gynecologic surgery and complications related to pregnancy such as preterm birth and miscarriage.

Keeping your vagina healthy

Here are some tips that a woman can follow for her vaginal discharge treatment.

  • Keeping the vagina clean by washing it gently with warm water and mild soap. You should avoid putting the soap directly into the vagina
  • You should avoid using feminine products and scented soaps.
  • It is important to wipe from front to back so that you can prevent the bacteria from getting into your vagina which can then cause infection.
  • Wear cotton underwear and avoid sleeping in tight clothes.

Here is a list of vaginal discharge treatment that is followed by women who have abnormal vaginal discharge. The treatment of STIs is straightforward and is usually solved by applying some antibiotic gels or vaginal creams for a couple of days. In some cases, a single dose of antibiotics does the trick.

If the infection is long-lasting and kept there for a long time, then a deeper intervention is needed.

Trying DIY’s as vaginal discharge treatment

Yoghurt, tea tree oil and garlic to cure vaginal infection: There is a mixed response on the usage of these items to maintain the balance of healthy vaginal bacteria. Both tea and garlic have antifungal as well as antibacterial properties which are considered to be a natural vaginal discharge treatment.



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